Garment making was performed entirely by hand before the sewing machine. However, few garments are produced completely by hand today in the presence of advanced sewing machines and sergers. Many custom-made and home-sewn garments continue to use some form of hand stitching mainly as finishing techniques. Understanding and knowing the correct stitch to use is necessary for the appearance of the piece. Sewn by hand or machine, there are many types of hand stitching embroidery.
For hand-sewing stitches, here are some instructions on how to achieve basic stitches for all your sewing projects. These methods of hand stitching and machine stitching can help direct you, whether you are a novice or a professional sewer, through your designs.
Types Of Hand Stitching:
1. Running stitch:
The long, straight stitch is a running stitch, often referred to as a basting stitch. This stitch is commonly used as a basting stitch, meaning it will tie two pieces of fabric together temporarily and can be removed later easily.
- From the wrong side, insert your threaded needle upward.
- Insert it into the fabric in accordance with the marked pattern.
- Bring back up the thread and repeat.
It is a simple embroidery stitch that produces a line of stitches without a break between them. It looks like a continuous line with a straight thread.
- Take a small stitch, work from left to right,
- At the end of the previous stitch, then insert the needle, taking it out to the point where the thread emerges.
- Continue, placing the needle at the end of the previous stitch at all times.
3. Catch stitch:
It is invisible on the right side of the fabric due to this it suitable for blind hems. This catch stitch is taken up by a zig-zag pattern. The catch stitch is a perfect flat stitch technique for seaming two pieces of fabric with a slight overlap.
- Take small stitches from the hem when working from left to right.
- Take a tiny stitch on a garment.
4. Slip stitch:
An often invisible seam is created by the slip stitch and is a good stitch for hemming. Using a colour of thread similar to that of the object and the fabric will blend into the seam.
- Pull the needle through the hem’s fold.
- At the same time, pick up a thread of cloth.
- Make the stitches separate and reasonably loose by around 1/2 inch.
5. Blanket stitch:
A decorative seam-finishing technique that is intended to be noticeable is the blanket stitch. This stitch is commonly used as finish the edges of pillows or quilts.
- Insert the needle from back to front into the fabric 1/8 of an inch from the edge, securing the thread on the wrong side of the fabric.
- Wrap around the working head behind the end of the needle’s eye, then behind the point.
- Pull through the needle, taking the knot to the edge of the fabric.
- Continue, having the knot and stitches closely spaced.
It is a simple seaming technique. Whipstitch consists of a line of short diagonal stitches which is invisible on the right side of the fabric.
- Thread your needle, and at the end of the thread, tie a knot.
- From the underside of the fabric and up through the top, feed the needle and hide the knot.
- When operating with the two edges of the fabric together with the wrong sides of the fabric facing each other, carefully thread short diagonal stitches around the seam.